What You Need To Know About Asthma
Asthma is a chronic disease of the lung in which the airways or the lung bronchial tubes become inflamed. This inflammation makes the airways to be sensitive to cold air, pet dander, smoke, and dust. Apart from this, other triggers include exercise and allergens. When an individual reacts to these triggers, an asthma attack is what occurs.
What Causes Asthma?
Presently the exact cause of this condition isn't known, however, scientist believes it is caused by both environmental factors and the combination of genetic factor play a key role in the disease development. The condition sometimes runs through the families, thereby suggesting that it can be inherited. What this means is that if your parents have this condition, the chances of having the disease is high. A person with the atopic syndrome also likely will have this condition. Apart from this, respiratory infections during childhood or infancy can cause one to have this disease. These infections are responsible for damaging the lung tissue and affecting the function of the lung in the future. Likewise, studies have suggested that early contact with irritants, airborne allergens, and some viral infections during childhood prior to the full maturity of the immune system can increase the risk of one developing this ailment. Additionally, according to the National Institutes of Health, when pregnant women are exposed to smoke or allergens it affects the child.
These things trigger the disease in people. This condition known as allergic asthma happens because of the immune system reacting to the harmless substance within the environment thereby giving off antibodies known as immunoglobulin E. The antibodies are responsible for causing the cell in the immune system to release chemicals that make up these inflammations within the lungs. The following are some of the common allergens that might cause allergic asthma:
- Household dust mites
- Pet dander, saliva, hair, feces, and urine.
- Respiratory infections
- Food additives
- Airborne irritants including sulfur dioxide, smog, ozone, vehicle exhaust, industrial emissions, and smoke
- Medications such as aspirin
- Fear, stress, depression, or anxiety
The observable symptoms include:
- Chest tightening, pressure, pain
- Shortness of breath
Triggers to avoid
- Use air conditioner. The use of air conditioner can help in reducing the amount of airborne pollen from weeds, grasses, and trees that find their way indoors. It also helps in lowering the indoor humidity.
- Decontaminate your decor. Reduce dust, which might aggravate the signs by replacing items in your home. For instance, encasing pillows. Use washable blinds and curtains.
- Maintain optimal humidity. Do you reside in an area with a damp climate; ensure you consult your doctor if you could use a dehumidifier.
- Reduce pet dander. For those allergic to dander, the avoidance of pets with feathers or fur isn't an option. If you still want to have a pet, ensure you bath them regularly in order to reduce the dander within the environment.
- Clean regularly. This is very important and should be done at least once a week. When cleaning up, put on a mask to cover your mouth and nose.